Using connective words when writing
Sentences and paragraphs that open in different ways and include connective words within will hold a reader’s attention because they help to lead the reader easily from one point to the next.
Conversely, if sentences and paragraphs are written in short, staccato-like sentences with no words that connect the sentences, reading is very difficult. Likewise, long-winded rambling sentences without a variety of connecting words are very difficult to read. In fact, well constructed sentences and paragraphs show the reader the connections between ideas and from one sentence to the next.
Examples of connecting words for a variety of writing styles
To add to a statement or viewpoint
equally important, finally, further, furthermore, what is more, moreover, as well as, in addition, to expand, firstly (secondly, thirdly and so forth), not only this … but also (note you must include ‘also’ after but), in fact, another way to, besides, in general, more specifically, no matter what
To show similarity
similarly, likewise, in a similar manner, like, in the same way, such as, at any rate, also, even so, in other words, in general, more specifically, at the same time, in addition to, for the same reason
however, nevertheless, rather, whereas, but, yet, on the other hand, on the contrary, by comparison, compared to, although, conversely, but, meanwhile, in contrast, after all, otherwise, alternatively, nonetheless, notwithstanding, regardless, in any case, even, yet, despite this
To express an alternative
or, either . . . or, whether . . . or, conversely, this can be relevant in at least two, first … second, or firstly … secondly (using ‘ly’ is grammatically correct)
To make a concession
granted, naturally, of course
To place statement in a particular context
in this connection, from this perspective, from this viewpoint, this point of view, in this school of thought, from this standpoint, from this standpoint, so conceptually one could argue
To place a statement in a timely fashion
previously, before this, to begin with, at first, ultimately, later, then, since then, since, after that, soon, next, gradually, while, meanwhile, furthermore, sometimes, eventually, finally, lastly, summing up, in summation, in conclusion, [there are three reasons for this] firstly, secondly, thirdly, soon, sometimes, when, now, once,
To show cause and effect
as a result, consequently, as a consequence, hence, due to, in view of, on account of, accordingly, for this reason, therefore, following on from this, thus, hence, moreover, that is why
To prove a point
because, for, since, for the same reason, obviously, evidently, indeed, in fact, in any case, that is, demonstrably, in all likelihood, in all probability, no doubt, seemingly, therefore, in that, owing to, on account of, considering, be reason of, hence, consequently, in view of, insofar as, increasingly, more importantly, even though, particularly, above all, especially since, in any case, by far, even if
To give an example of an earlier point of view
for example, for instance, in this case, to illustrate, as an illustration, to take another example, namely, that is, as shown by, as illustrated by, as expressed by
To repeat, insist on or refer back to an earlier point
as previously mentioned, as I have said, in brief, as I have noted, as has been noted
To emphasise when adding a conditional statement
indeed, obviously, patently, apparently, accordingly, without a doubt, certainly, undeniably, understandably, in accordance with, according to, otherwise, as far as
To conclude a paragraph or an essay
thus, lastly, in brief, in short, on the whole, to sum up, to conclude, in conclusion, as I have shown, as I have said, in summary, to summarise, in conclusion, ultimately
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